Many handicrafters use natural, even entirely indigenous, materials while others may prefer modern, non-traditional materials, and even upcycle industrial materials. The individual artisanship of a handicrafted item is the paramount criterion; those made by mass production or machines are not handicraft goods.
The Arts and Crafts movement originated as a late 19th-century design reform and social movement principally in Europe, North America and Australia, and continues today. Its proponents are motivated by the ideals of movement founders such as William Morris and John Ruskin, who proposed that in pre-industrial societies, such as the European Middle Ages, people had achieved fulfillment through the creative process of handicrafts.This was held up in contrast to what was perceived to be the alienating effects of industrial labor.
Many crafts become very popular for brief periods of time (a few months, or a few years), spreading rapidly among the crafting population as everyone emulates the first examples, then their popularity wanes until a later resurgence.
Holding On To Sellers: Etsy has gotten so big, it’s hard to know what motivates each seller. "I was a government worker yearning for a more creative outlet," says Heather Noss. Four years ago, Noss quit her day job and opened a shop on Etsy, where she sells handmade stationery.